It is a small perennial growing up to 65-80 cm tall, with sessile, oppositely arranged leaves. Stevia is a semi-humid subtropical plant that can be grown easily like any other vegetable crop even in the kitchen garden.
|OTHER NAME||:||Sweet Leaf / ستيفيا سكرية|
|BOTANICAL NAME||:||Stevia rebaudiana|
Six sweet-tasting compounds have been reported in the leaves of S. rebaudiana – Stevioside, Rebaudiosides A, D and E, Dulcosides A and B. Stevioside is a glycoside with a glucosyl and sophorosyl residue attached to the aglycon steviol, which have 250–300 times the sweetness of sugar.
Stevia is safe for diabetics, as it does not affect blood sugar levels. Stevia does not have the neurological or renal side effects as other artificial sweeteners. Stevia possess anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties in addition to its other versatile uses. It can be safely used in daily usage products such as mouthwashes and toothpastes.