Black Pepper

OTHER NAME : Kala Mari, Peppercorn, Piper
BOTANICAL NAME : Piper nigrum
PLANT FAMILY : Piperaceae
PART USED : Fruits


Black Pepper is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. The same fruit is also used to produce white pepper and green pepper. Black pepper is native to South India and is extensively cultivated there and elsewhere in tropical regions. The fruit, known as a peppercorn when dried, is a small drupe five millimetres in diameter, dark red when fully mature, containing a single seed.

The major component α–terpineol, Acetophenone, α–pinene, Piperolnol, Nerolidol

Black Pepper is Dried, ground pepper is one of the most common spices in European cuisine. its have antimicrobial activity. Analgesic (alleviate pain), antipyretic (reduces fever) and antiinflammatory actions. Pepper also has a limited usage in medicine as a carminative (to relieve flatulence) and as a stimulant of gastric secretions. Black Pepper also used in medicinally for illnesses such as constipation, diarrhea, earache, gangrene, heart disease, hernia, hoarseness, indigestion, insect bites, insomnia, joint pain, liver problems, lung disease, oral abscesses, sunburn, tooth decay, and toothaches.